Whether you’re an experienced dog owner or you’re enjoying life with your very first dog, you may be wondering, “Is there anything I shouldn’t feed my pup?” This is urgent if he just grabbed something off your dinner plate! Learn what dogs absolutely should not be allowed to eat.
Alcohol, in its various forms, can be quite dangerous to a dog. Giving your dog even a sip of your liquor, wine, or beer is a big no, as the ethanol in the drink can lead to serious health complications. But alcohol isn’t just limited to your drink at dinner. It can be found in many other products, including:
- Rum-soaked cakes
- Yeast bread dough (raw bread)
Since dogs are smaller than humans and not used to consuming alcohol, they can become intoxicated much quicker than a human would.
Symptoms of alcohol ingestion include:
- Muscle tremors
- Difficulty breathing
Left unchecked, alcohol intoxication in dogs can lead to organ failure or death. With prompt and appropriate care from a vet, a dog that has ingested alcohol can recover. Make sure to tell the veterinarian how much your dog drank and the strength of the drink she had.
Probably the most well-known people food that dogs shouldn’t eat, chocolate is dangerous because it contains theobromine, a methylxanthine. A substance found in cacao seeds, theobromine is easy for humans to digest, but this isn’t the case for dogs. They process the component much more slowly than we do, which allows it to build up to toxic levels.
Symptoms of chocolate ingestion include:
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
- Unusual heart rhythm
- Abdominal discomfort
The most common symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea, but in large amounts, chocolate can lead to heart attacks or seizures in dogs.
Another methylxanthine—like chocolate—caffeine is bad for your dog’s health. Under no conditions should she have access to coffee, tea, sodas, or other caffeine beverages or items. If your dog drinks caffeine, she may show similar symptoms to those of chocolate.
Although you may want to share a treat with your dog from time to time, candy is not the way to do it. (May we suggest a pumpkin dog treat instead?) Many candy, gum, and baked goods contain xylitol. This substance is a sweetener often used in sugar-free candies, but it can also make an appearance in products like toothpaste, mouthwash, and vitamins.
Xylitol is harmful to dogs because it causes an insulin release that can lead to hypoglycemia and liver failure. Always avoid feeding your dog sweets or snacks that contain xylitol.
- Lethargy or weakness
If you believe your dog has eaten a product or snack that contains xylitol, it’s important to bring her to a veterinarian immediately. A 10 pound dog only needs to eat one sugar-free piece of gum for a toxic dose of xylitol. Life-threatening low blood sugar levels can occur in less than 15 minutes.
5. Grapes and Raisins
Grapes and raisins may not jump immediately into your mind toxic to dogs, but some pets can develop kidney disease from eating them. It’s unclear why grapes and raisins are dangerous to dogs and why some dogs are unaffected by the food while others have serious side effects. But it’s never worth the risk to find out if your pet is one of those that won’t be affected by eating grapes!
Symptoms of grape or raisin ingestion in dogs includes:
- Lack of appetite
- Increased urination and, later, decreased urination
If your dog has eaten one of these two foods, she will need to see a veterinarian. If left untreated, the symptoms can lead to long-term kidney disease or kidney failure.
Just like with humans, mushrooms can be toxic for dogs. The number of toxic mushrooms found in the wild are small, but it can be difficult to identify which are safe and which aren’t.
Symptoms in dogs vary depending on the type of mushroom eaten, but they could include:
- Liver failure
- Kidney Failure
A dog that has eaten toxic mushrooms may experience symptoms within the first 30 minutes; other signs will not appear for 24 hours. If you dog ate a wild mushroom, always err on the side of caution and bring her to a vet right away, along with any remains of the mushroom for identification.
7. Onions and Garlic
Although a meal almost always benefits from some onions and garlic, a dog’s health doesn’t. All types of garlic and onions, including shallots and scallions, are toxic to pets. The compounds found in the food can do damage to red blood cells and cause other issues, including gastroenteritis and anemia.
Signs your dog ate something from the onion family aren’t always obvious and may not appear for a few days. Symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Fast heart rate
- Fast breathing
- Pale gums
Garlic is particularly dangerous to pets; it is five times as potent as onions. Also note that some breeds may be more susceptible to onion poisoning than others.
Other Foods Dogs Shouldn’t Eat
There are quite a few other foods and snacks that are harmful to dogs:
- Macadamia nuts
- Star fruit
- Moldy food
If you believe your dog has eaten one of these products or another food that may be dangerous to her, take her to a veterinarian right away. Note what she ate, how much, and when. This will help your vet craft a plan of action for your pet’s health.
Prevention is the best approach! Ensure the foods that dogs should never eat are kept out of your pet’s reach, garbage bags are closed up securely, and you always clean up after cooking.
Do you believe your dog ate a toxic substance? Don’t wait! Bring her to a veterinarian right away. Ask a question about poisonous food or let us know you’re coming by giving us a call at 281-693-7387.
Cancer is a scary word, especially when it comes to our loved ones and pets. If you notice changes in your dog’s health or he’s behaving differently, it’s important to know the signs of cancer in dogs, so you can keep an eye out. Early treatment can make a big difference!
Sign #1: Abnormal Swelling
Abnormal swelling can appear just about anywhere on a dog’s body, and it can be a sign of canine cancer, especially if the swelling gets larger over time. If you notice a bump or lump on your dog that wasn’t there previously, mention it to your vet.
Sign #2: Weight Loss or Gain
If your dog isn’t dieting, sudden weight loss could signify intestinal cancer or another illness. The same goes for weight gain. If your dog is following the same diet he always has, yet seems to be gaining weight or bloating, it can point to a build up of fluid from cancer or another medical issue.
Sign #3: Abnormal Bleeding or Discharge from Openings
Another sign of canine cancer is abnormal discharge, such as pus, or bleeding from the nose, anus, or mouth. Blood at the nose could point to nose cancer, while pus or blood at the anus could point to cancer of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Sign #4: Difficulty Going to the Bathroom
If you notice your dog is having difficulty urinating, schedule an appointment with your vet. This could be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI) or bladder crystals, but it could also point to cancers in the bladder, kidneys, or urethra.
You may also notice that your dog has problems defecating. Signs of cancer in the rectum or anus include struggling to go to the bathroom, diarrhea, black, tarry stools (this indicates blood), or hardened stools.
Sign #5: Increased Drinking and Urinating
In the same vein, if you suddenly find your dog is urinating more often and drinking more water, take him to the veterinarian. Increased drinking can point to a UTI but could mean the base of the brain or adrenal gland has a slow-growing tumor.
Sign #6: A Bad Smell
Sign #7: Loss of Appetite
While loss of appetite often points to illness in dogs, older dogs—being less active—can tend to eat less than younger dogs. A sudden change in appetite or refusal to eat are what you should look out for. If you notice either of these changes in behavior, get him checked out. Nausea can also be a sign of cancer.
Sign #8: Issues Eating or Swallowing
Similar to sign number 7, your dog may want to eat but not be able to. Difficulty eating or swallowing food or water can be a sign of tooth pain, cavities, or oral or neck cancer.
Sign #9: Easily Tired or Refuses to Exercise
Dogs, as they age, of course get tired faster, but sudden or drastic changes in your dog’s energy level can point to problems. If your dog, who once loved to chase tennis balls or going for walks, gets tired after a throw or two or just refuses to play or run around, schedule an appointment with your veterinarian. Lethargy or depression can be major signs of illness, including cancer.
Sign #10: Sores That Refuse to Heal
Open wounds can be dangerous for dogs and lead to infection. Open sores that refuse to heal at all, even with medication, can be a sign of cancer in dogs. Red and irritated sores or lesions could point to mast cell tumors, which are a common form of skin tumor. These cancers can spread to organs or bone marrow.
Wounds are something you should regularly look for and note while grooming your pup.
Sign #11: Difficulty Breathing
If you notice your dog is suddenly struggling to breathe or wheezing, veterinary care is a must. A tumor could be putting pressure on his windpipe or lungs. Rapid breathing could also point to medical issues, like heart tumors, that require treatment.
Sign #12: Lameness or Stiffness
Senior dogs are more prone to arthritis, which affects about one in five dogs during their lives. However, sudden, persistent lameness or stiffness can be a sign of bone, nerve, or muscle cancer in dogs. You may also notice leg swelling or limping.
Sign #13: Obvious Pain
If your dog is refusing to jump, whimpers, or shows other signs of obvious pain, schedule a vet visit right away. These can be signs of arthritis and old age, but they can also point to joint problems, muscle disease, and bone cancer.
Knowing the signs of cancer in pups may help save yours. While cancer is more common in older dogs, it is not unheard of in younger ones. When grooming or playing with your dog, keep an eye out for physical and behavioral changes. If you notice any, call your veterinarian to make an appointment. Staying on top of your dog’s health and well-being means a happier life for him!
Is your dog displaying any of the warning signs of cancer? We’re here to help with diagnosis and treatment options. To schedule an appointment for your dog at Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital, simply call 281-693-7387.
Has your dog been scratching her ears lately? It could be a sign of an ear infection. Advanced cases of ear infections in dogs can be serious, so it’s important to get care for your pup right away. Read on to find out how you can identify an ear infection in your dog, treat it, and prevent it from happening again.
What Causes Ear Infections in Dogs?
There are several causes of ear infections in dogs, and it may not always be clear what initially caused the problem. Some dogs are more prone to this particular health issue because of the shape or design of their ears. Others may experience the problem be due to environmental causes.
A few of the more common causes of dog ear infections includes:
Trapped or Excess Moisture
Moisture can get trapped in your dog’s ear in a number of ways:
- Excess hair can limit air flow – This is common among cocker spaniels, poodles, and bichons frises.
- Floppy ears, like those of the basset hound, can cause moisture (or even debris) to become trapped.
- Water from the pool or lake can get stuck, attracting yeast and bacteria.
Yeast and Bacteria
Many ear infections are caused by yeast and bacteria build-up in the ear, but this is almost always due to another underlying issue, such as trapped water or moisture.
Ear mites, which are tiny creatures much like spiders, can cause quite a bit of discomfort for your pet, but if left unchecked, they can also result in ear infections. Appearing like coffee grounds, they’re much more common in puppies, but adult dogs can get them as well. Your dog can get them by socializing with other pups that already have an ear mite issue.
Just like people, dogs can be prone to allergies. Pit bulls, for example, tend to be more likely to have skin or ear infections that are related to allergies. Excess scratching and irritation from the initial allergy that causes an injury can also lead to infection.
Other Causes of Ear Infection in Dogs
A few other factors could cause your dog to develop an ear infection, including:
- Health disorders, like hypothyroidism and viruses
- Foreign bodies or objects – Grass is common, especially if your pup likes to roll around outdoors. Dogs with small ear canals or floppy ears can have more problems with debris.
- Reactions to medications
Signs and Symptoms of Ear Infections in Dogs
There are several signs and symptoms your dog may have an ear infection or be close to developing one. Here’s what to keep an eye out for:
- Shakes her head
- Odor around the ears –
- Excess scratching or rubbing at the effected ear
- Redness inside the ear
- Lack of balance
- Scaly skin around the ear
- Pawing at the ear
If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it’s important to make an appointment with her veterinarian right away. It’s possible to catch the issue before it turns into an ear infection, and a visit can help identify any underlying causes of the potential infection.
How Are Dog Ear Infections Treated?
Ear infections in dogs can be diagnosed by a veterinarian. During the examination, your vet will ask you about any:
- Eating habits
- Grooming habits
- Recent activities
They’ll then check your dog for signs of an ear infection, including blood or swelling. They may take tissue samples to perform a culture. For extreme or chronic ear infection cases, your veterinarian might suggest X-rays or other tests. Blood tests may also be recommended to check if there are underlying issues.
The treatment your veterinarian prescribes depends on the cause of the infection. A cleaning will most likely be required, and antibiotics will be prescribed. The antibiotics may be topical, oral, drops, or a spray. Steroids, pain medication, and other ear medications may also be supplied. It’s usually recommended that you clean your dog’s ears at home before her check-up about a week later. Surgery may be required in extreme cases where the ear infection is chronic. If this is the case, your veterinarian may suggest removal of the ear canals.
Can A Dog’s Ear Infection Be Prevented?
You can absolutely take steps to prevent your dog from getting an ear infection! One grooming step that many dog owners forget or don’t realize is important is cleaning their ears. Whether you follow our step-by-step guide or bring your pup in for a grooming appointment, a thorough ear-cleaning can help keep ear infections and other issues at bay. It may also uncover other potential problems before they become more serious.
Regular veterinarian appointments are good for your pup’s ears as preventative care is always recommended, but you should also:
- Regularly check your dog’s ears for irritation.
- Take your dog to the vet if she shows any of the signs or symptoms of an ear infection.
- Avoid moisture in her ears.
- Use any prescribed cleaning solutions for your pet’s ears.
Ear infections, although common, have the potential to become serious in dogs. It’s important to treat ear irritation seriously and follow through with any medication your dog is prescribed. Ear cleaning is essential to helping your pup avoid ear infections, but if your dog shows any of the warning signs of an infection, it’s important to bring her to the vet right away.
Is your dog displaying signs of an ear infection? It’s time for a check-up! You can schedule an appointment with Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital in Katy, TX by calling 281-693-7387.
With summer in full swing, walks with your pup in sweltering temperatures can be tough for both of you. The hot pavement can hurt her paws, and without the right precautions, the temperature can lead to heat stroke in your dog—and even yourself. Learn about the warning signs of heat stroke in dogs and how to prevent it!
What Is Heat Stroke?
Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are two things you need to be aware of when taking your dog out in high temperatures. Unlike humans, dogs don’t sweat through their skin, but rather pant through their mouths or sweat through their paws to get rid of excess heat. With fewer ways to cool down than humans, they’re at a higher risk for both exhaustion or stroke.
Heat exhaustion occurs when your pup’s body temperature rises above her normal temperature, which is considered 101 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit. Over 103 degrees can be a sign of heat exhaustion and could mean your dog is on her way to heat stroke.
If your dog’s temperature reaches 106 degrees or higher, she could be at serious risk of heat stroke. Heat stroke can cause your dog’s heart to stop, result in shock, or cause organ damage like kidney failure.
That’s why it’s essential to take heat stroke precaution measures and seek treatment as soon as you see the signs of heat stroke in your dog.
Signs of Heat Stroke in Dogs
There are several signs of heat stroke in dogs, including:
Some panting is normal for dogs, but if you notice yours hyperventilating, panting constantly, or breathing faster than is usual for them, it could be a sign of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
Dehydration is dangerous on its own, heat or no. The signs of dehydration in dogs are:
- Dry nose
- Sunken eyes
- Lack of urine
- Off-colored gums
As mentioned before, fever is definitely one sign of a heat stroke. Anything over 103 degrees Fahrenheit should be taken seriously. You can tell if your dog has a fever if her nose is dry and hot.
Elevated Heart Rate
A normal heart rate varies from dog to dog. Large dogs have slower heart rates, while smaller pups have higher heart rates. If it feels like your dog’s heart rate is elevated above their norm, it could be a symptom of heat exhaustion or heat stroke, especially if it’s combined with other warning signs.
If your dog is exhibiting odd, out-of-character behavior, such as not responding to your call, she could be confused. This is another sign of heat stroke.
Lethargy, Weakness, or Loss of Consciousness
Dogs that have heat stroke may:
- Be reluctant to move
- Want to nap more than is usual for them
- Have trouble standing up
If your dog collapses or loses consciousness, it could mean her heat stroke is exceptionally severe. She needs to see a veterinarian right away.
Other Signs of Heat Stroke in Dogs
Some other signs of heat stroke in dogs are:
- Excessive drooling, especially if it’s thicker or stickier than normal
- Muscle tremors
- Blood in stool
- Glazed eyes
Other Potential Heat Problems in Dogs
Heat exhaustion and heat stroke aren’t the only things you need to keep an eye on with your dog in hot weather. You should also be aware of these two potential problems:
- Skin fold pyoderma
- Paw pad burns
Skin Fold Pyoderma
Skin fold pyoderma is a dog heat rash that can affect canines with skin folds due to weight problems or genetics. The rubbing of their skin folds in hot or humid weather can cause the issue, which is both a rash and an infection. Itchy and uncomfortable, skin fold pyoderma can be treated with medicated shampoo. However, a visit to your vet is recommended, as your dog may need to be on antibiotics to treat the resulting infection, or you may be advised to use medicated wipes.
Paw Pad Burns
Before taking your dog for a walk out on hard ground, such as asphalt or concrete, put your hand on the ground. If you can’t keep your hand there longer than five seconds, it is too hot to walk your dog on. Doing so could result in paw pad burns and severe damage to your pup’s feet.
Instead, take your dog out on grass or dirt, or consider having her wear booties if she is comfortable with them.
Treatment of Heat Stroke
If you believe your dog is overheating or suffering from heat stroke, you should absolutely get her to a cooler place immediately. This can be shade, indoors, or your vehicle with the air conditioner on. As soon as possible, take her temperature with a rectal thermometer. If it is above 106 degrees or she is unconscious, take her to a veterinarian right away. You can call ahead to ensure the vet is ready for you when you arrive, as your pup needs immediate care.
Follow these steps to help her cool down:
- Place wet cloths on her armpits, ears, paws, on her neck, and between her legs – Use lukewarm or cool water. Do not use cold water.
- Give her small amounts of lukewarm or cool water to drink if she is conscious.
- Encourage her to wade into a pool or shallow lake – Stay close and keep an eye on her in the water.
- Place your dog in front of a fan.
If your dog’s temperature is higher than 103 degrees Fahrenheit but below 106, monitor her to decide whether to take a trip to the vet. Every few minutes, check her temperature while applying cool towels and offering water. You should continue to monitor her even when her temperature goes back down to 103 degrees.
Vet Note: Whenever you’re concerned with your dog’s health, don’t hesitate to visit your vet. They can make sure everything is okay and give you advice about how to handle the problem. They can also confirm no heat stroke damage was done.
Preventing Heat Stroke
There are several ways to prevent heat stroke and even heat exhaustion before it becomes serious in dogs:
Limit Outdoor Exercise in Hot Temperatures
If it’s hot outside, limit your dog’s outdoor exercise. She may be sad about it, but it will be best for her health. Let her outside in the early morning or early evening when temperatures are at their lowest.
Or she could go for a swim or play in a sprinkler. Always make sure she has access to drinking water and shade when outdoors.
Do Not Leave Her in Your Car
Temperatures in a parked vehicle can become very dangerous very fast, especially for dogs. Never leave your pet in the car, even if you think it will be just a few minutes. Even when the temperature outside is only 70 degrees, it doesn’t take long for it to reach 120 degrees in a vehicle.
Know If Your Dog Is At Risk
Some dogs are at higher risk than others for heat stroke, including:
- Thick- or long-haired breeds
- Brachycephalic breeds
- Other breeds with short noses or flat faces
- Young dogs
- Old dogs
- Dogs with medical conditions, such as heart problems
- Overweight dogs
Knowing the signs of heat stroke in dogs—and even the symptoms of heat exhaustion—may help you save your dog’s life one day. Prevention is key to stopping heat stroke from happening to your pup, so always take the necessary precautions before heading out for your daily walk or exercise. Extra water, an eye on the temperature, and the right planning in case of an emergency can make all the difference.
If your dog is experiencing heat stroke, get her to the veterinarian right away. We’re here to help. If you believe your dog’s temperature is elevated or she’s showing other signs of heat stroke, give Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital a call at 281-693-7387.
When giving your dog a bath, it’s important not to get soap or water in his ears, but that doesn’t mean you should avoid cleaning your dog’s ears altogether! In fact, they need regular care. Here’s a rundown of how to clean your dog’s ears and why it’s so important.
Why Should You Clean Your Dog’s Ears?
When most dog owners imagine grooming their pups, they think about trimming and cleaning up the coat, but a dog’s ears should not be forgotten. They need regular cleaning, and some dogs require more care than others.
One of the main reasons to clean your dog’s ears is to keep ear infections at bay. Whether caused by moisture or debris, ear infections are no fun. By cleaning your dog’s ears regularly, you can keep cut down on excess ear wax, clear out any debris, and check for ear mites. If left unchecked, ear infections can take hold. Signs of infection include:
- Odor around the ears
- Excess scratching at the ears
- Masses around the ear
How Often Should You Clean Your Dog’s Ears?
The frequency with which you should clean your dog’s ears depends entirely on your own dog! Some breeds, like poodles and bichons frises, are more prone to ear infections due to the hair inside their ear canals. This limits air flow, increasing the moisture trapped inside, and can lead to infections. Floppy-eared dogs, such as basset hounds and Labrador retrievers, are also more likely to develop infection because of lack of airflow.
Most dogs’ ears need to be cleaned just once a month, but if you have one of the dogs above, his ears may need cleaning once a week. If you’re not sure, speak with your veterinarian. Ask your veterinarian for advice on how often your pup needs this care, as it varies from dog to dog.
Other factors that can require you to clean your dog’s ears regularly or could lead to infection include:
- Debris – Dogs that like to roll around in grass can easily get pieces of it, leaves, or other debris stuck in their ears.
- Ear mites
- Moisture – This provides the perfect breeding ground for yeast and bacteria.
What You Need to Clean Your Dog’s Ears
You can absolutely clean your dog’s ears at home! But if you don’t feel comfortable doing it yourself, you can always bring your pet to a groomer.
If you plan on cleaning your dog’s ears yourself, you’ll need a few supplies before you get started. Make sure you have them on-hand before getting down to business with your pup. You don’t want to find halfway through that you forgot something!
- Cotton balls, gauze, or pads – Do not use cotton swabs as this could push debris or wax into the ears.
- Vet-approved ear cleaner
- Treats as rewards
- Any medication your vet has prescribed
How to Clean Your Dog’s Ears
Have your dog sit somewhere he’s comfortable. The bathtub can be the perfect spot to prevent ear cleanser from getting on the floor, but some dogs don’t like the tub. If that won’t work, put a towel on the floor, or take him outside.
Hold the ear up and check for excess hair. Some dogs are more prone than others to excess hair, so keep an eye on it, as this hair can trap moisture and lead to ear infections. If you’re unsure if your dog has too much hair in their ear or not, ask your groomer or veterinarian. This may need to be removed with tweezers before you move to the next step.
Still holding the ear up, carefully squirt the ear solution inside per its instructions. Do not allow the tip of the applicator to touch their ear..
Gently and carefully massage the base of your dog’s ears for 20 to 30 seconds. You will hear a squishing sound—this is normal!
Allow your dog to shake. Use the towel to clean up any spilled cleaning solution or to hold over your pup’s head while he shakes his ears.
Use the cotton ball, pad, or gauze to carefully wipe the ear canal and outer ear. Do not use anything inside the ear. Stick to the part of the ear you can see.
Repeat with the other ear.
If your dog has any prescribed medication from the veterinarian, you can administer this after you have cleaned the ears. Make sure you follow the instructions on the prescription for application and dosage.
Tips to Make the Process Less Stressful
Cleaning your dog’s ears, especially if he’s not comfortable, can be stressful for everyone involved. These tips can make it easier for both of you:
- Be generous with treats to help your pup associate ear cleaning with good things.
- Start cleaning when your dog is young, if possible – It’s easier to get a puppy used to ear cleaning than an older dog.
- Be generous when using the cleaning solution to ensure it’s cleaning the entire ear.
- Inspect your dog’s ears regularly for excess hair, ear wax, mites, or other issues, so you can identify when a cleaning is needed.
You May Want to Take Your Dog to a Groomer
Some dogs don’t like their ears touched, especially when they’re older and not used to the ear-cleaning process. If this is the case with your pup or you don’t feel entirely comfortable administering the solution, a groomer can absolutely help.
A typical grooming session at Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital includes a bubble bath, brush-out, nail trimming, and ear cleaning. This can be perfect if your dog is not a huge fan of having his ears cleaned. Our team is experienced and trained to identify any more serious issues with the ears, such as infections, ear mites, or trapped debris.
Cleaning your dog’s ears may feel like a chore, but it’s one your dog’s health relies on. Making it a regular occurrence will ensure your family member’s ears are comfortable and healthy, all while keeping ear infections at bay.
If you believe your dog is in need of an ear cleaning or check-up, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us! You can make an appointment by calling 281-693-7387.
You’ve probably seen or heard the term “puppy mill,” but do you know what a puppy mill actually is? If you’re considering adopting a puppy or a dog, you’ll want to avoid adopting from one, even through a third party. Here’s what you need to know about puppy mills.
What Is a Puppy Mill?
A puppy mill is defined by the ASPCA as a “large-scale commercial dog breeding operations where profit is placed above the well-being of the animals.” These mills work toward the mass production of puppies and dogs for sale:
- On the internet
- At flea markets
- In classified ads
- In pet stores
Any dog breed of dog, including mixed breeds, can be subjected to a puppy mill environment and the resulting animal cruelty.
Many puppy mills continue to exist because new owners aren’t aware of where their puppies come from. Many trust the breeders or pet stores from which they buy and don’t second-guess the origin of their new family members. As long as the demand is there and a lack of education continues, puppy mills will be around.
Why Are Puppy Mills Bad for Dogs?
In puppy mills, dogs and puppies are viewed purely for the money they bring in. Mother dogs are kept in small, confined cages where they are bred over and over. Their puppies are sold to various locations to be sold again to families looking for new dogs. The dogs that stay in puppy mills—as well as puppies before they are sold off—live their entire lives there in squalid conditions:
- They are usually outside in cages, with little to no shelter from weather, cold, or heat.
- Many of the dogs are left to their own devices, and as a result, have to sleep in their own excrement.
- Water and food, when given, can be contaminated or inadequate. Many dogs are starving.
- Dogs are bred until they cannot produce any more puppies. Then they are destroyed.
- Dogs don’t get access to any sort of care from a veterinarian. As a result, many are injured or sick. Dogs have been found suffering from: malnutrition, rotted teeth, skin diseases, matted fur, emaciation
- Mother dogs do not have any break in between litters.
- Dogs don’t get exercise or social engagement.
Puppies from puppy mills can also have behavioral and health problems, due to their environment or breeding. With lack of engagement and socialization with people during the first few weeks of their lives, they can be shy, anxious, or aggressive.
Genetic problems and illnesses are also commonly found in puppy mill puppies, including:
- Intestinal parasites
- Canine parvovirus (parvo)
- Canine distemper
- Urinary or bladder problems
- Respiratory problems or disorders
- Kidney disease
- Eye issues
- Cleft palate
How to Avoid Adopting from a Puppy Mill
One of the best ways to avoid adopting from a puppy mill is to become educated. If you’re considering welcoming a new family member into your home, do your research first. Here are some ways to avoid puppy mills altogether:
Adopt from a Local Animal Shelter or Humane Society
One of the best ways to avoid a puppy mill is to adopt a new family member from your local animal shelter. These are dogs that are looking for homes, are often socialized, and live in adequate conditions. You won’t be supporting a puppy mill by adopting from one of these centers.
If you’d like a particular breed or designer breed, these can be found at animal shelters too! They may even have their papers. There are also many breed-specific rescue organizations, like National Greyhound Adoption Program and Beagle Freedom Project. Don’t rule out shelters and rescues even if you’re after a specific breed!
Only Work with Reputable Breeders
If you want to get your dog from a breeder, try to make sure they are reputable. Responsible breeders truly care for their dogs. They provide a healthy environment and care about the homes their puppies go to. Before adopting from a breeder, always ask to see the puppies’ parents, other dogs in the environment, and the premises your dog was living in.
Avoid Pet Stores, Classified Ads, and “Deals”
Many deals you’ll find in the local newspaper, online on various websites, or at your neighborhood flea market also fall in the too-good-to-be-true category. It’s possible many of these dogs came from poor conditions or puppy mills.
About 90% of pet stores are selling dogs from puppy mills. Some pet stores do follow “puppy-friendly” rules, which means they are selling dogs from local animal shelters or rescues, but do your research if you plan on shopping at a pet store. Look for reviews of the store, and go there yourself to see if the pets look well.
Each year approximately 2 million puppies are sold as the result of puppy mills and nearly 200,000 dogs are being kept in the 10,000 facilities around the United States purely for breeding. You can work to stop puppy mills by advocating for the animals; contacting legislators; and educating others about what they are, the problems surrounding them, and how they too can avoid puppy mills.
Are you bringing home a new family member? It’s important to have them checked by a veterinarian. They can help you identify any genetic issues, work with behavioral problems, and more. To schedule your new family member’s first appointment, reach us at 281-693-7387.
Bringing your new puppy home is an exciting time for the whole family! During the excitement, don’t forget to bring your newest family member to the vet for important services that help him put his best paw forward. Find out what you can expect when you bring your puppy to the vet.
When Should Your Puppy’s First Vet Visit Be?
We recommend that you bring your puppy in for a veterinarian appointment within a week of adoption to ensure he’s in good health. Shelters and breeders usually have contracts that require you to get your puppy checked by a vet within a certain timeframe, so be sure to read the details of this paperwork before scheduling an appointment.
If your dog is showing signs of problems, bring him to a vet as soon as possible. Clinics like Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital allow for walk-ins if you’re not able to make an appointment on short notice.
Getting Ready for Your Puppy’s First Vet Visit
Your puppy’s first vet visit might sound stressful, but it doesn’t have to be! You can ask your veterinarian what you should bring to your appointment, but it’s always a good idea to have these items in preparation for a comfortable visit for both you and your pup.
A Collar and Leash
Your puppy should be getting comfortable on a leash and collar (or a harness) as soon as possible. There may be other dogs at the clinic when you visit, and you want to ensure you can keep your puppy nearby and away from trouble, especially in this new environment.
If your dog is smaller or not quite comfortable on a leash yet, you can also consider using a small dog carrier for the time being.
Medical Records and Paperwork
Whether you adopted your puppy from the shelter, a pet store, or a breeder, your dog has medical records and other relevant paperwork. This could be details about:
- His breed
- Past vaccinations
- Prior medical problems
These documents are important at your puppy’s first vet visit, so your veterinarian knows exactly what vaccines and/or treatments to schedule for your dog in the future.
Dog treats and praise are wonderful ways to get your puppy acclimated to a new environment! Visiting the veterinarian for the first time can be stressful for many pups, with loud dogs, cats, or even birds—plus all the new people! There’s a lot going on during a visit to the vet.
Your dog may also be afraid of the veterinarian or veterinary care. Dog treats will help him associate his doctor with good food. Many vets also have treats on hand, so if you forget them, we have you covered!
Questions or Concerns You Have About Your New Puppy
Puppies can be a handful, and it’s okay to have questions about their care or training, especially if you’re new to dog ownership. If you have questions or concerns about your pup’s health, dog training, breed, dog food options, or anything else, write them down and bring them to ask at your veterinary visit.
A Fecal Sample
It’s always a great idea to bring a stool sample with you to the veterinarian. This will allow the clinic to test your new family member for worms or other issues. If you’re on the fence about bringing one, call to ask before your appointment.
The cost of a puppy’s first vet visit depends on what your puppy has done during the exam. Usually the visit itself costs between $45 and $55, though this varies from doctor to doctor. Also take into account:
A fecal exam, for example, costs between $25 and $45, and a heartworm test can cost around $50.
For future visits, you may want to consider the benefits of pet insurance. It can help you cover regular visits as well as unexpected emergencies. Talk to us to learn more!
Your Puppy’s First Vet Visit – What to Expect
You have your puppy, his paperwork, your questions about his care, and a fecal sample. Now it’s time to meet the vet! The veterinarian and vet techs will complete a few different tasks during your puppy’s visit.
Take His Vital Signs
One of the first things the vet tech or vet will do is take your puppy’s vital signs. These include:
- Checking his heart rate with a stethoscope
- Getting his weight – If your puppy is under- or overweight, they will provide nutritional and exercise advice to help get your dog on track to a healthier weight.
- Taking his temperature – A normal temperature for puppies is between 99.5° and 102.5° F degrees. Something outside those numbers could indicate an issue.
Complete a Nose-to-Tail Examination
Once the vitals are jotted down, your vet will complete an entire nose-to-tail exam of your puppy, checking his mouth and teeth to his paws to getting a good feel for his coat and skin. The vet will be looking for any obvious or not-so-obvious issues, such as:
- Fleas and ticks
- Issues with the lymph nodes
Give Vaccinations That Are Due
Depending on your puppy’s age, he may be due for vaccinations. At four months, for example, he’ll need a rabies shot. Your veterinarian will create a vaccination schedule over the next year or so to ensure he’s properly protected.
Over the next few months, you should expect your puppy to need shots for:
- Kennel cough
- Lyme disease
To learn more about the core vaccinations and boosters your puppy will need, take a look at this vaccination rundown we created for dog owners.
Scheduling Future Visits for Your Puppy
After the examination, your vet will discuss your puppy’s future visits. This could be to check on any issues found during the exam or to schedule future vaccinations and boosters. You’ll also want to talk about scheduling an appointment for a spay or neuter during this time.
In the future, your dog should have annual appointments with your veterinarian to complete any vaccinations, test for heartworm, and just ensure your family member is still in excellent health.
Scheduling your puppy’s first vet visit as soon as possible is in his best interest! It can find any health issues with your newest family member while also getting him on the right track of a healthy life ahead.
Are you adopting a puppy or a new dog? Schedule his appointment now! Our experienced veterinarians and vet techs can help ensure your visit is stress-free and comfortable for both you and your pup. To make an appointment, call us at 281-693-7387.
Hearing the diagnosis of “heartworms” can be scary for a dog owner. It’s important to be educated on the disease, the signs and symptoms, treatment options, and understand how to prevent heartworms in your pup. Find out what heartworms are and how you can keep your dog safe!
If you believe your dog may be suffering from heartworms, make an appointment to see a veterinarian right away. Testing and preventative medication can help ensure the parasites don’t take hold. To schedule testing for your dog, call Cinco Ranch Veterinary Hospital in Katy, TX at 281-693-7387.
What Are Heartworms?
Heartworms are a very serious parasite for many animals. They’re found often in dogs and similar animals like wolves, coyotes, and foxes. The parasites are worms that can reach up to a foot long and generally live in the animal’s heart, hence the name. They can also be found in the lungs and blood vessels.
After only a year of being infected, dogs can have between 15 (the average) and hundreds of these parasites living in their body. Over time, they cause damage to the organs they call home. If left untreated, heartworms can continue to grow over seven years. They constantly produce offspring during that time.
If heartworms aren’t discovered and treated, they can lead to heart failure and death in dogs.
What Causes Heartworms in Dogs?
Heartworm is not contagious from dog to dog. The parasite is carried by mosquitoes. After biting an animal infected with heartworm, mosquitoes carry the blood and baby worms to the next animal they bite. Over the next six months, the worms will mature inside the animal.
The heartworm parasite can be found in all 50 states in the U.S. Previously, where mosquitoes were scarce, they weren’t a problem for dog owners, but because of variations in climate and other human developments, heartworm can now be found everywhere in the United States, including Texas.
It’s rare for humans to contract heartworms from mosquitoes, as it usually can’t complete its life cycle, but it does happen from time to time.
What Are the Symptoms of Heartworm?
When a dog first contracts heartworm, there will be very few, if any, symptoms. As the worms mature over time, signs of heartworm disease will become more apparent. The symptoms tend to be more obvious in more active dogs, so heartworm isn’t always clear in lazier pups.
If you notice any of these warning signs, it’s time to schedule an appointment with a veterinarian:
- Persistent cough
- Difficulty breathing
- Fatigue (especially after exercise)
- Decreased or loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Reluctance to exercise
- Swollen belly
If a dog is infected with large numbers of worms, more serious symptoms may develop, including:
- Labored breathing
- Bloody or dark urine
- Pale gums
- Heart failure
These signs are indicative of caval syndrome, which is caused by heartworms blocking blood flow. If you notice any of these symptoms in your dog, it’s important to get her to a veterinarian right away, as surgery must be done quickly.
How Can Heartworms Be Treated?
The first step to uncovering heartworms is a simple blood test. Your dog should have a heartworm test annually to ensure she hasn’t contracted the parasite. It can be done during a routine visit with your veterinarian. Even if your dog is on heartworm preventative medication, this important test shouldn’t be skipped.
If your dog tests positive for heartworms, they are treatable. Your veterinarian will first perform additional tests to confirm she indeed has heartworms. These tests include ultrasounds, radiographs, and others.
If heartworms are present, you should limit your pup’s exercise routine, as activity can cause damage to the infected organs. Your veterinarian then may suggest various treatment options for your dog’s heartworm. Immiticide is the drug often recommended to kill the worms, as long as they’re not extremely serious. Antibiotics, steroids, and other medication may also be given along with immiticide. In more severe cases, surgery to remove the worms may be necessary.
Can Heartworm in Dogs Be Prevented?
Heartworm disease in dogs can absolutely be prevented, and steps should be taken to restrict your pet’s chances of contracting the parasite. Yearly testing and preventative medications are two musts to keep your dog safe. The name of the preventative heartworm medicine is chemoprophylaxis. It also fights against:
Chemoprophylaxis comes in chewable, topical, and injectable forms.
Heartworm preventatives should always be given to your dog on time, every time. A missed or late dose—even by a couple of days—can leave your dog open to heartworm infection. Some are monthly heartworm preventives, while others are every six months. Speak with your veterinarian to come up with a schedule that will ensure your dog is protected year-round.
Heartworms are an extremely serious parasite for dogs, and prevention is important in the fight against them. Talk to your veterinarian about prevention techniques, and if you suspect your dog may have heartworms, bring her in for an appointment for testing as soon as possible.
Cinco Ranch Vet can help. Give us a call at 281-693-7387 to schedule an appointment, arrange for testing and treatment of heartworm disease, or discuss preventative options.
Think you don’t have a date for Valentine’s Day? If you have a dog, you sure do! Leave your plans for a sad V-Day behind, and choose one of these ways to spend the day with your best furry friend.
1. Spend the Day Together at Home
Who says you have to go out to have a great time? Spending the day indoors with your pup can be wonderful. It gives you both a chance to relax and de-stress. And if your dog tends to be a “lazier” breed, this is just what she’s looking for.
Not sure what to do all day? Try one of these!
Binge-Watch Some Themed Programming
There are plenty of shows about love and dogs out there! You and your dog could spend Valentine’s Day curled up on the couch watching a few of your favorite movies or shows. Or try a few you’ve never seen before! Lady and the Tramp is the ultimate pick for Valentine’s Day, but after you finish that flick, this list should keep the day going strong:
- Fox and the Hound
- All Dogs Go to Heaven
- Isle of Dogs
- 101 Dalmatians
- Turner & Hooch
- Dogs (Netflix documentary)
Just make sure to have the popcorn and treats handy before you start!
Cook a Meal for Two
While you make your Valentine’s Day dinner, whip up something special for your furry friend! Check out our list of people foods that are also safe for dogs here.
2. Share Delicious Treats
Your dog is sure to love that meal for two, but she also won’t say no to special treats. These Valentine’s-themed recipes to go along with your own box of candy is sure to keep you both happy.
Vet Note: Chocolate is dangerous for dogs, so stick to the foods above if you want to make yours happy!
Red Velvet Pupcakes
This recipe on Rover will have your dog head over paws in love with you! Made with beets, have these items on hand before you get started:
- 2 baking sheets
- A pastry bag with an open star or French tip
- A food processor
- Mini muffin pans
You’ll also need these ingredients for the muffins themselves:
- Baking soda
- Baking powder
- Raw beets
- Unsweetened applesauce
For the frosting, you should have:
- Frozen strawberries
- Reduced fat cream cheese
This recipe is perfectly decadent for Valentine’s Day!
Heart-Shaped Chicken Dog Treats
For something a bit easier, but just as delicious, you’ll need:
- Cooked and mashed rice
- Rice flour
- Diced chicken
- A heart mold
- Blender (if you choose to freeze them)
You can make these chicken treats in either the oven or the freezer—or make both if you have enough heart molds!
Another super simple Valentine’s Day dog treat is doggy fro-yo bites. You can use a heart mold for these as well, so you really stick to the holiday theme.
- A blender
- Low-fat, all-natural Greek yogurt
- Peanut butter
- A baking sheet
Check out the full recipe right here.
3. Go Out on the Town
Sitting inside not for you or your pup? If you’d rather head out, there are plenty of fun ways you two can spend Valentine’s Day out on the town. You may be having such a great time, you want to do all four of these!
Head to the Dog Park
Nothing says, “I love you” to your pup like heading to the dog park for the day! It gives her a chance to relax, run around, and have some fun.
Take a Hike
If your town doesn’t have a dog park, don’t worry. You can spend V-Day in the woods or fields together, just the two of you. Our area has plenty of dog-friendly trails for you two to choose from on Valentine’s Day. Check them out here!
Visit the Pet Store
There are plenty of pet stores that allow your pets inside, and your dog may love a trip to one. Let her choose out a new dog toy or treat to bring home for the evening. It’s also the perfect chance to pick up those dog products you’ve been putting off.
Don’t Leave the Backyard
If you want to be outside, but don’t want to make a full day of it (or spend your Valentine’s evening cleaning up muddy dog prints from the dog park), your backyard is a great option. Whether you play tag around the shed or spend the day throwing tennis balls, your dog is sure to love the extra time with you.
Valentine’s Day doesn’t have to be that “lonely holiday” you dread. It’s a wonderful chance to lavish your best furry friend with some extra love and attention. Whether you spend the day with your dog inside on the couch watching movies and making treats, or you head out to the dog park, this year’s Valentine’s Day is sure to be a hit for you both.
Halloween is just around the corner; don’t leave your pup out of the fun! He can absolutely be a part of this spooky holiday and even take part in trick-or-treating. Below are seven great examples of Halloween treats for dogs that you can find online or make at home!
Human Candy Is Not for the Dogs
As much as we like to share everything with our dogs, human candy should never be given to them. Most people know that chocolate is bad for dogs. That’s because of two ingredients—theobromine and caffeine—that are toxic.
But there are other foods, snacks, and ingredients that can be found in your trick-or-treat bag that you should keep away from your pup, including:
- Xylitol (also commonly found in gum and baked goods)
It’s always a good idea to stow your candy and snacks out of reach of your pets and to keep a sharp eye on furry friends during the holidays. If you suspect your dog ate a food or snack that is toxic to them—or you watched them do it—bring him to your veterinarian right away.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #1: Pumpkin FroYo Bites
You only need a few ingredients, plus an ice cube tray, to make Pumpkin FroYo Bites!
- 1 cup non-fat plain yogurt
- ½ cup canned pure pumpkin (Canned pumpkin is better for dogs than fresh!)
- ¼ cup water
Mix the ingredients together, and spoon the mixture into the ice cube tray. Once the bites are frozen, they make a wonderful October treat for your dog.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #2: Halloween Brownies
Healthy Hound Bakery has plenty of delicious treats for your dog, including Halloween Brownies. No chocolate is harmed in the making of these brownies! Instead, they’re concocted with pumpkin and carob.
This online bakery also has plenty of other Halloween-themed dog treats, including
Head to their website to see their full selection.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #3: Skeleton Bones Dog Treats
- 2½ cups non-bleached flour
- 1 cup water
- 1 chicken bouillon cube
- 1½ cup water
- 1 cup non-fat plain yogurt.
Simply mix, and freeze!
These treats will take you about one-and-a-half hours, plus time for freezing.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #4: Pumpkin Cubes
Pumpkin cubes are 100% pumpkin, so your pup gets all the health benefits of this awesome gourd. And they’re super easy to make. All you need is
- Canned pumpkin
- An ice cube tray
Simply put the pumpkin into the tray, and freeze!
You and your dog will enjoy pumpkin’s benefits to his digestive system, fur, and skin.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #5: Peanut Butter and Pumpkin Pooch Treats
With the health benefits of pumpkin and the deliciousness of peanut butter, your dog will love this combination.
- 2½ cups whole wheat flour
- ½ cup canned pumpkin
- ½ cup peanut butter
- 2 teaspoons cinnamon
- ½ cup water
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
You should also have cookie cutters (Halloween-themed would look great!), a bowl, and a baking sheet.
To make Peanut Butter and Pumpkin Pooch Treats, follow this super easy recipe.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #6: Sweet Potato Dog Treats
Pumpkin isn’t the only fall food that can be a treat for dogs. Sweet potato is also wonderful to create Halloween-themed treats with. All need are:
- Sweet potatoes
- Cooking spray
- A microwave
Learn how to make Sweet Potato Dog Treats by following this recipe.
Spooktacular Dog Treat #7: Sweet Potato Pretzel Dog Treats
Following the sweet potato theme, Sweet Potato Pretzel Dog Treats are another autumn-themed snack perfect for Halloween.
You should have:
- 200g fresh sweet potatoes
- 1¾ cups whole wheat flour
- 1 tablespoon flaxseed meal
- 1 beaten egg
You will also need to have a baking tray and baking paper. To see exactly how to make these pretzels, check out the recipe here. The pretzel shape makes this recipe especially fun for kids!
Halloween is about sharing. Why not include your furry friend too? Remember to feed him dog-friendly snacks and not human food. These wonderful Halloween dog treats will keep your dog happy and healthy while still sharing in the holiday spirit!
If you suspect your dog got into the Halloween candy or ate something else harmful to him, contact your veterinarian right away. To speak with one of our staff about the signs and symptoms of chocolate consumption or other toxic items, please give us a call at 281-693-7387.